• Provide a brief background about the focus of the review question. Eg prevalence and consequences of Diabetes Mellitus in Aboriginal populations; provide a description of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and its uses.
• Modify to suit your question focus.
• THEN outline what the reader can expect from your SLR
• What is the purpose or objective/s of the SLR? What did you want to find out? What information/evidence will you be providing to the reader and how did you establish it?
Search Strategy and selection criteria
Describe how you went about finding your information
Which databases were used to locate your articles?
Which subject headings and key words were used?
What limitations did you apply to refine your search?
How many articles were initially found?
How did you (what was the process/decision) reduce the number of articles found to the number used? Eg read titles (how many), read abstracts (how many), read full text (how many), did not meet your question criteria (how many) etc
Provide a brief overview of the study designs of the final selected articles used in the SLR:
Were the studies, quantitative, qualitative, mixed methods or a mixture of all (list)
Identify the research design R cohort studies, Randomised Control study, ethnography
What method were used for data collectionR questionnaire, interviews, focus groups, observation
Remember you only have 300 words so need to be concise. You may wish to use a flow chart to further demonstrate your process
Main results Data synthesis and analysis
Use headings and subRheadings in this section.
Provide a synthesis of the results so that you answer the original question
Start with a paragraph that describes the issue and or the intervention/s reviewed. Indicate to the reader which of the methods below is to be used in your analysis of the evidence found.
The discussion should follow either of the following 3 strategies:
1 R From the most rigorous evidence to least rigorous evidence (hierarchy of evidence)
2 R Thematic analysis (according to themes)
3 R PICO (for an evaluation of intervention/s)
Population: the population group that was the focus of your investigation
Intervention/s: describe the intervention/s
Comparison (of interventions or to no intervention)
Outcome: was an outcome of effectiveness/benefits established based on the literature reviewed
Conclusion and Implications for practice
• Summarise the main results (this will lead to the conclusion and implications). You would include any limitations of evidence here.
• What do the results mean?
• Have you answered your question confidently? Or, are the results inconclusive?
• Consider the implications / priorities for practice.
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